What is mental illness?
Mental illness significantly impacts the way a person thinks, feels, and behaves. It can also affect how they interact with people and their abilities. Mental health disorders can be mild to severe. They can cause problems in relationships and make it hard for a person to do their job. In case, mental illness affects your everyday life over a long period, it may be difficult for you to recover without treatment.
Mental illnesses are expected: 1 in 5 people live with mental illness each year, and many of the signs of mental illness are present before age 25. However, fewer than one-fourth of people with mental illness receive care.
Types of Mental Illness
There are various types of mental illnesses. If one’s mental health has an issue, it would be essential to determine the type. A bit of mental disorder is not the same as being severely mentally impaired. The clinician who treats you will explain which type of disorder you or your loved one have and what symptoms are expected at each stage of treatment. Many people don’t get treated because they don’t realize they have a disorder or aren’t aware that mental disorders can treat their symptoms.
Here are some common types of mental illnesses:
Anxiety Disorders –
People with anxiety disorders also experience physical symptoms like nausea, trembling, and sweating.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) –
People with ADHD have trouble focusing, staying still, and controlling their behaviour. They may act impulsively and have difficulty with distraction. If they’re younger than age 12, they may also have trouble learning new tasks.
Bipolar Disorder –
Bipolar disorder causes extreme changes in a person’s mood, energy, and ability to function. Spirits may be too high or too low. They can feel like ”one-sided” states of mind.
Depressive Disorders –
The two common forms of depressive disorders are major depressive disorder and dysthymia. Depression makes people feel sad, discouraged, hopeless, and unloved.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) –
OCD causes people to have uncontrollable recurring thoughts or behaviours. An obsession is a thought that runs through your head repeatedly.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) –
PTSD causes stress responses to a terrible event such as war, abuse, or natural disaster. People who have PTSD may feel afraid of returning to the situation or having flashbacks that make them relive the event and go into emotional shock.
Somatic Symptom Disorder (SSD)-
causes a person to experience physical symptoms that don’t hurt. The symptoms mask the mental illness instead of driving it.
Personality Disorders –
Personality disorders are different from mental illnesses. They cause people to act and feel in ways that are different from other people.
Mental Illness Symptoms:
Such types of problems are quite difficult to diagnose, but the symptoms can vary depending on the disorder, circumstances, and other factors. Mental health problems affect emotions, thoughts, and behaviour.
Not all mental illness symptoms are visible. Because mental illness changes a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, and daily functioning, it’s harder to notice signs. But many signs indicate a mental health problem:
– Changes in behaviour, moods, or thoughts
– Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or worthlessness
– Changes in sleep patterns, eating habits, and the ability to concentrate
– Changes in physical health
– for instance, changes in sleeping patterns or sweating
– Avoiding others or having trouble talking with them
– Changes in school or work performance/problems at school or work
– Intense fear of certain situations or people
– Changes in sex drive or sexual relationships
– Changes in the way you relate to others
– Reactions to others that seem out of character
– Changes in how you interact with yourself
Some symptoms go away without treatment. But many people with mental illnesses need help to stay healthy and get better.
The mental illness symptoms can vary depending on the cause. For example, some mental illnesses have a more profound impact on emotions and thoughts.
Mental illness is a severe issue that can have severe consequences for a person’s future, relationships, and ability to function. Some mental health problems are out of the treatment, not all do- it’s essential to know your symptoms or talk to your doctor about what you may need if you or someone you care about is dealing with these issues.
In addition, a key component of well-being is mental health. It’s necessary to take care of yourself so that you can care for others.