herbal medicines definition

What are Herbal Medicines and their Importance?

It has been centuries that the world has relied on herbal medicines to meet the healthcare needs of different cultures. Despite the technological era, the global demand for herbal medicines is rising day by day.  

The word ‘herb’ derives from the Latin word, ‘herbal, herb refers to the part of the plant like fruit, bark, flower, seed, stigma, or non-woody or non-woody plant. It is a type of dietary supplement.  

They sold in the form of tablets, capsules, powders, fresh and dead plants. People are using herbal medicines to improve and maintain health. Herbal medicines do not have to go through testing.   

For the manufacture of perfumery products, forests are the principal repository of a large number of medicinal plants. According to WHO (World Health Organization), about 80% of people rely on herbal medicines for their primary health care needs.  

Importance of nine world’s popular herbal medicines: 

Echinacea (Coneflower)  

It is a flowering plant that originated from North America, used to treat the common cold. Coneflower took as a tea or a supplement. It is safe for short-term colds. It treats a variety of ailments includes wounds, burns, toothaches.  


It boosts immunity, brain function and to reduces inflammation. 

Roots of Ginseng are usually steeped to make a tea or dried to make a powder. Its unique compounds called ginsenosides, boast neuroprotective. It is safe for short-term use.   

The two most popular varieties are the Asian and American are Panax ginseng and Panax quinquefoliate.  

Ginkgo biloba  

It treats numerous illnesses includes heart disease, dementia, and sexual dysfunction. It is derived from the maidenhair tree. Potent antioxidants are a variety of ginkgo that provides several benefits.  

Many people eat raw fruit and toasted seeds. It treats a wide range of ailments which include heart disease, mental difficulties, and sexual dysfunction.   


It is an ancient herbal medicine made from the cooked fruit of the Sambucus nigra plant. Mainly used to relieve headaches, colds, viral infections, constipation, nerve pain. Elderberry shortens the duration of flu infections. It is available as a syrup.  

St. John’s wort (SJW)  

It is an herbal medicine derived from the Hypericum perforatum flowering plant. Yellow flowers are used to make teas, capsules, or extracts. It’s largely prescribed to treat depression.   


It is an herb that belongs to the ginger family. The active compound in turmeric is Curcumin. It treats a host of conditions, including chronic inflammation, metabolic syndrome, and anxiety, pain.  


It is herbal medicine and commonplace ingredient. One can eat it fresh or dried.   

Ginger contains a variety of beneficial compounds and is used to treat nausea, migraines, colds, and high blood pressure. Its root may reduce your risk of blood clot formation.   


It is a flowering plant whose roots are thought to induce tranquility and a sense of calm. It was taken to relieve headaches, and heart palpitations restlessness. Valerian is relatively safe.  


The flowers are used to make tea and the leaves are dry used for making tea, topical compresses. It is a remedy for nausea, stomach pain, and upper respiratory infections, urinary tract infections. It treats emotional disturbances. It is safe for most people but causes an allergic reaction if you are allergic to some of the plants.  

Conclusion – Herbal Medicines Definition

Herbs are natural products and are free from side effects. They are comparatively safe, eco-friendly, and locally available. The dependence of people on synthetics is over and people are returning to the naturals with the hope of safety and security. It is high time to spread it globally. 

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