Joint replacement is the surgery performed by the orthopedists to replace the damaged part or joint with an article joint. Joint replacement and procedure, Artificial joints are made up of ceramic or plastic, and the process is also called Arthroplasty scientifically. The most common joint replacement occurs on the knees, hips, and shoulders. The artificial joint works and looks similarly structurally. The joint replacement surgery can be operated on at any age without a bigger risk factor and the recovery times vary for different age groups, conditions, and lifestyles.
You can consult an orthopedic doctor in Gurgaon for more information about joint replacement treatment. This blog will also help to learn about joint replacement and procedures.
When do I need a Knee replacement?
Subtle pain and ache are manageable, but constant pain in the knee, hip, or other joint areas can be very painful and problematic. There is more than one cause for joint pains, and excessive damage in the joints can allow orthopedists to conduct a Knee replacement surgery. The conditions include.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Fractures at various joints position
- Joint pain – The aid cannot cure chronic joint pains through non-surgical methods such as medications, therapy, bracing, walking devices, or injections.
- Joint stiffness – An individual cannot walk due to the constant stiffness present between the joints. Even it becomes hard to execute daily activities without knee replacement surgery.
- Abnormalities such as hip dysplasia
- Lack of blood supply which is known as Avascular necrosis
- Swelling in knees ( when no improvement is found after executing a better lifestyle and the medications)
Risk and complications may occur after the surgery –
A few risk factors are generated through the surgery, and some complications can arise after the surgery. For instance, our bodies react vividly to exposure to anesthesia. The use of general anesthesia can cause side effects for people dealing with chronic diseases such as cardiac problems.
- Reaction to anesthesia –
In some instances, patients may experience infection from anesthesia. Symptoms from general and regional anesthesia include: joint replacement and procedure
- Nausea/ vomiting
- Sore throat
- Heart attack or stroke ( rare cases)
- Allergic reactions
- Breathing problem
- Infections –
An opening in the skin can be an invitation to flourish many bacteria, and this can cause skin issues like redness, swelling, itching, and chills. There can be allergic reactions, too, due to the anesthesia.
Bleeding is common after surgery. Sometimes, too much blood loss is observed, and transfusion has been done. Bleeding can cause swelling under the skin, which needs doctor guidance.
- Blood clots
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is known as blood clotting, which occurs after joint surgery. During the operation, a vein can get damaged, and if it is left for days without leg movement, it can slow the process of blood flow and cause stiffness in the joint area.
- Pain & Swelling
Pain and swelling are common effects after the surgery. It can also cause damage to the artery or vein. Doctors advise sticking on painkillers for aches and pain that occur seldomly.
What happens in Arthroplasty (Knee replacement surgery)?
The treatment involves a lot of preparations and steps for successful health outcomes. This may include the followings:
- BEFORE JOINT REPLACEMENT
Before the surgery, various tests are conducted, such as electrocardiogram and X-ray, to detect whether joint replacement can be carried out or not. A healthy diet and exercises with physiotherapy are recommended for a healthy operation. All the processes are done to carry out a successful surgery without complications.
- DURING THE JOINT REPLACEMENT PROCESS
There are different types of surgeries performed. Every surgery varies from one other. But the main process includes the basic procedure. Before performing the surgery, the patient is treated with general or regional anesthesia. Incisions and cuts are made on the required area, and the damaged part is replaced with an artificial cap made of ceramic, plastic, or metal. Stitches are made via staples or surgical glue. A bandage is being wrapped around the concerned area for better recovery.
Surgeons also perform minimal invasion techniques, performed by minimum cuts, and special tools are needed. Since the surgery is small, the recovery time is shorter than the traditional surgery recovery time.
- AFTER JOINT REPLACEMENT
- Depending on the procedure used by the doctors, the patients are asked to rest. Following advice is suggested by the ortho surgeons for better recovery.
- Physical activities are put on halt for a duration. Placing ice over the joint is being suggested.
- Keep the cuts and incisions cleaned and neat.
- Take medications on time, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed.
- Physiotherapies are recommended. Follow the exercises and diet plan prescribed by the doctor.
- Elevation of joint- elevate the joint area for better recovery.
What types of joints are used in joint replacement surgery?
Joint replacement has become a common surgery due to the rise in pain, which can be caused by an unhealthy lifestyle or any underlying diseases. Even though hip, shoulder, and knee joint surgery are usual, the surgeons operate on other joints. – joint replacement and procedure
Conclusion – joint replacement and procedure
Joint replacement is a very common surgery in today’s lifestyle, and with the help of incisions and cuts, the damaged part/joint is replaced by an artificial joint. The artificial joint functions similarly and looks similar compared to the real joint. The artificial joint allows the individual to walk without the walking assistance device. Pain and swelling are temporary after the surgery. And the surgery reduces the stiffness and gaps present between the joints and offers better movement. The risks are associated with the surgery, but the success rate is 90%. Get guidance for a good doctor who could be diagnosed and treat the cause carefully. Surgery performed carelessly can be a threatening point for life.