difference between heart attack and cardiac arrest

Difference Between Heart Attack And Cardiac Arrest

If you want to know the exact difference between heart attack and cardiac arrest, go through this article thoroughly. We have explained how they a different from each other. Reading this article wholly, you can understand the Difference. So, let us start with the introduction to both.

Heart Attack & Cardiac Arrest Difference:

Most people think both these are the same, but it is not true. You have to understand what happens to the human body in both of these medical emergencies. So, let us know about heart attack and cardiac arrest.

Heart Attack:

Your heart is a muscle, and like all muscles, your heart requires oxygen-rich blood. Coronary arteries provide this blood to your heart. If there are blockages in the veins, a heart attack occurs. Blood clots can also cause a heart attack. Thus, resolving the blocks is essential to avoid heart muscle death.

Cardiac Arrest:

It is different from a heart attack. Cardiac arrest means the heart has stopped beating. But in a heart attack, it continues beating, even if the blood supply has stopped.

Symptoms Of Heart Attack:

The most common symptom of a heart attack is chest pain. One feels tightness in the center of the chest lasting for several minutes. It decreases as one rests. This pain can spread to other areas like arms, jaws, neck, back, and abdomen. Other symptoms are shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, feeling of being sick, anxiety, dizziness or light hardness, sweating, weakness, and palpitations.

Symptoms Of Cardiac Arrest:

Consciousness and responsiveness are lost suddenly in cardiac arrest, and other symptoms are no breathing and no pulsing. The stoppage of the heart causes the lack of pulses. It results in body organs deprived of blood and can lead to death. It gives warning signs like weakness, palpitations, nausea, weakness, shortness of breath, dizziness, and chest pain.

Causes Of Heart Attack:

A heart attack involves the cut-off of the blood supply to your heart. It affects a large part of the blood and can cause the heart to stop beating. It may cause cardiac arrest. The CHD (coronary heart disease) causes a heart attack. The reason is the building of fatty deposits in the coronary arteries. The medical term is atherosclerosis for this condition. You are at risk if you smoke, have high blood pressure and diabetes, are overweight, not doing exercises actively, old enough, having a family history of heart disease, expose to air pollution and traffic pollution, and don’t take a healthy diet. People having CHD might experience a heart attack if plaque splits and causes blood clots blocking coronary arteries.

Causes Of Cardiac Arrest:

CHD, pacemaker failure, respiratory arrest, choking, electrocution, hypothermia, changes to the heart structure, ventricular tachycardia, dramatic drop in blood pressure cause it, and drug abuse, excessive alcohol consumption, ventricular fibrillation, and unknown reasons can cause cardiac arrest. Ventricular fibrillation is an abnormal heart rhythm. Here, the lower chamber of your heart beats regularly. Heart attack can also cause cardiac arrest.

The Difference Between Heart Attack And Cardiac Arrest With A Few Bullet Points:

  • Both are different.
  • Coronary arteries get blocked in a heart attack, and the blood supply to the heart is stopped. People may die if not treated with this condition.
  • If the heart stops pumping blood around the body, it is cardiac arrest. A person may stop breathing normally.
  • Many people have cardiac arrest because of a heart attack. The reason is a person can develop a dangerous heart rhythm that causes cardiac arrest.
  • Both are medical emergencies, and you have to immediately call an ambulance to reach or take the person to the hospital.
  • If a person avoids or delays to treat heart diseases and heart attack, there is more chance of cardiac arrest. It can be life-threatening for any patient.

Final Thoughts: Have you understood the difference between heart attack and cardiac arrest?  Of course, these are medical emergencies, and you have to take a person to the hospital. After reading this information, you must have understood the heart attack and cardiac arrest difference. These both are not the same and have different impacts on the body, but a heart attack can cause cardiac arrest.

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